Since the formation, in 1995 of the first government of Hon’ble Chief Minister Ms. Mayawati Ji in Uttar Pradesh, its priority has been the total development of the poor and the backward SC/ST, other backward classes,Religious minorities and disables persons-who had remained neglected for centuries and during earlier governments. By separately creating Uttar Pradesh Welfare Department and other ministries, there has been considerable improvements in their condition at every level and\ every sphere.
1. This government in the last four years has undertaken several activities at a total cost of Rs. 37,000 crore (Rs. 36,795 crore), outlay of 21.21 and 100% expenditure on the development of “SC/ST” under special component plan which are chiefly – increase in the rate of post matric for (Scheduled Castes), eligibility level of income increased from 1lakh to Rs.2 lakh,, scholarships fora all students (girls and boys) from class 1 to 8, establishment of ‘bhagidari bhavan’ at Lucknow and Agra, including Training institutes at Aligarh and Rae Bareli to coach SC/ST youth for recruitment to high-level services like I.A.S and P.C.S; recruitment in Government posts through a drive to clear the backlog; for the first time Reservation in contracts upto Rs.25 lakh for SC/ST, so far, contracts worth Rs.1,623 crore allotted; about 4 lakh S/C families allotted more Than 3,500 hectares of land.; 16 Mahamaya Polytechnics for Information Technology set up for these categories of students; regularisation of Landless SC/ST people in possession of gram sabah land upto13May, 2007; formal right of possession letters (pattas) awarded to 9,431 persons; about 3000 genuine lease-holders benefited by removing illegal usurpers from their land; creation of employment totalling 5,945 lakh man- days for men and 2,089 lakh for women belonging to SC/ST classes created in rural areas; about 8 lakh S/C families benefited by writing-off debts amounting to Rs.120.28 crore of Uttar Pradesh SC/ST Development Corporation; electrification on large-scale of SC/ST bustees /majras and appointment of 23% from these classes only of SOs in police stations; provision of reservation also in state government-aided private enterprises; allotment of more than 4,000 fair price shops; together with the establishment of a Rs.100 crore “leather park and shoe mandi”: in Agra, exemption from VAT of Agra Footwear Industry.
2. “Other Backward Classes” – in the last four years 2 lakh landless people allotted lease of about 50,000 hectares of agricultural land; effective implementation of 27% reservation for OBSc in the allotment of fair price shops in the urban and rural areas under the public distribution system; computerisation of the entire procedure of scholarship under the backward classes Welfare department; more than 50 lakh students (girls and boys) benefites by scholarships under the scheme of aid to the poor families of backward classes on account of marriage and illness about Rs.50 crore spent every year; apart from increasing the “creamy layer” annual income limit of these classes from Rs.3 lakh Rs.5lakh, about Rs.250 crore spent to reimburse the admission fees of students studying in post matric classes
3. In the matter of Religious Minorities especially the Muslim community, mention may be made of the establishment of Manyawar Shri Kanshiram Ji Urdu, Arabic-Persian University; inclusion of 10 new Arabic-Persian Madrasas in the grant-in-aid list; as much as 486.73 crore approx, on account of scholarships to 1,28,35,824 minority students (girls and boys); elegibilty income limit for scholarships increased to Rs.1 lakh in respect of, minority students; grant of Rs. 3,745 lakh for the marriage of 37,445 daughters from minority BPL families; reimbursement of fees amounting to Rs.2,049 lakh of 49,166 post matric students; construction of well-equipped “Haj Houses” at
Ghaziabad and Lucknow for the convenience of the Hajis; “direct Haj flight” from Varanasi to Jeddah; abolition of the pre-condition of police verification in the appointment of “Mutawallis”; arrangement of advance coaching to prepare for competitive recruitment examinations; the amount of grant for Uttar Pradesh Urdu Academy more than doubled to Rs.3 crore; establishment of 58 government secondary schools in minority-dominated areas of 22 selected districts as well as mformation of a commission to provide the atatus of minority institution to ‘taleemi idaar’ (educational institutions) besides, the distribution of Manyawar Shri Kanshiram Ji Handloom Weavers awards.
4. “Disabled” – establishment of ‘Uttar Pradeesh Dr. Shakuntala Misra Rehabilation University’ at a cost of Rs.400 crore to provide quality education to the differently-abled students; with 1% reservation for the visually impaired and 2% other disabled, so far, 677 and 1320fair shops allotted, respectively; disabled pension rate increased to Rs.300 per month from Rs.150- the total number of disabled pensioner during 2009-10 increased to 708077.
5. Several welfare schemes implemented for Sarv-Samaj “women” also, notable being amendment of the zamindari kanoon to ensure equitable share of women in patriarchal landed property; the amount of dole for destitute women increased to Rs.300 per month from Rs.150 apart from construction of shelter homes etc for them in Mathurs and Vrindavan; “alertness and sensitivity” on the part of government has resulted in considerable “decline” of criminal cases against “women”.
In addition, many significant and historic steps wre taken for the uplift of the poor and the helpless belonging to sarv-samaj besides, Farmers, labourers, lawyers, employees, traders and people engaged in other professions, with all government departments also contributing to the development of the people of the state viz.:
1. Uttar Pradesh Mukhyamantri Mahamaya Gharib Arthik Madad Yojna benefits about 31 lakh families in Uttar Pradeshwhich have not been able to avail of the benefits of the BPL list or antyodaya, by providing an assistance of Rs.400 per month.
2. Savitribai Phule Shiksha Madad Yojna benefitted a total of 6,86,953 girl students, so far, with Rs.15,000 and a bicycle given to class 10 students and an additional assistance of Rs.10,000 on promotion to class 12.
3. Mahamaya Gharib Balika Ashirwad Yojna provides for Rs.1lakh to be given to the girl child immediately on birth, which has benefitted about 3,25,000 girl children.
4. Dr. Ambedkar Gram Sabha Samagra Vikas Yojna benefitted abount 5,598 gram sabhas.
5. Manyawar Shri Kanshiram Ji Sheri Gharib Awas Yojna provides for free housing facilities, benefiting about 1lakh families.
6. Sarvjan Hitay Gharib Awas (Slum Area) Maliqana Haq Yojna benefited about 7,232 families.
7. BPL card-holders of Sarv-samaj and beneficiaries of Mahamaya Gharib Arthik Madad Yojna being provided free of charge legal aid by government lawyers to plead their cases in courts.
8. Under Manyawar Shri Kanshiram Ji Sheri SC/ST Bssti Samagra Vikas Yojna, 250 bustees selected for development.
9. Lease-hold of 55,000 hectares of agricultural land for about 2.5 lakh poor and unemployed landless people.
10. About “3.5 lakh families” allotted residential plots measuring 3,500 hectares.
11. Allotment of 30,000 hectares of land to about 36,000 agriculturists.
12. 16,000 sites allotted to 19,000 people engaged in the pottery craft.
13. Allotment of 12,000 hectares of land for free plantation to 42,000 farmers.
14. Insurance provided to 18,67,835 heads of families under the General Public Insurance Scheme.
15. Under the enforced Uttar Oradesh Janhit Guarantee Quanoon 13 essential services relating to revenue, urban development, medical and food and supply guaranteed within a specified time limit.
16. Brilliant BPL students (girls and boys) of the newly established Gautam Buddha University belonging to sarv-samaj sent to Europe for higher studies on state expenses.
17. The maximum sickness allowance increased from Rs.2,000 to 5,000 in the case of S/S and those eligible from the general category.
18. The amount of grant-in-aid doubled in the event of marriage/sickness in Bundelkhand.
19. As many as 897 child development projects under operation.
20. Daily wages of “labourers/wage earners” of unorganised sector increased to Rs.100 from Rs.58.
21. More than 18 lakh government employees in the state provided benefit of the sixth pay commission, causing an additional financial burden of Rs.21,000 crore.
22. As many as 35,000 daily wage employees, appointed till 29 June, 1991 regularised.
23. Generation of 10,586 lakh man days in the rural areas at a cost of Rs. 16,995 crore.
24. Self-employment made available to 13.58 lakh families with a grant of Rs.800 crore.
25. Recruitment of 1.9 lakh ‘safai-workers (Aroghya Rakshaks)” in the state in one go besides, 88,000 primary school teachers, 5,000 Urdu teachers and massive recruitment in other departments together with employment opportunities provided to “lakhs” of people in non-governmental sectors as well.
26. Infrastructural Development: construction of 165 Km long, 6-lane Yamuna express-way at a cost of Rs. 9,935 crore between Noida and Agra.
27. Rs.30,000 crore –construction project of 1,047 Km long, 8-lane entry controlled express-way from Greater Noida to Ballia.
28. Costing Rs. 8,911 crore, 148-km long Sanauta-Purkazi Express-way project along the upper Ganga canal bank.
29. In the Taj city, Agra, construction of a 20.5 km long 6-lane ring road at a cost of Rs.1,100 crore.
30. Delhi-Noida-Greater Noida Metro Rail Link, first phase, from Delhi to Noida completed.
31. PPP process activated to establish ab international airport at Kushinagar for the development of Buddhist circuit.
32. Energy development; with an amount of Rs. 28,796 crore incurred by the government led by the Hon’ble Chief Minister Ms. Mayawati Ji, a “new trust” born among the general public to meet its electricity needs, during its four-year term,; the government seriously engaged at the ground level about its promise to offer 24-hourelectricity by 2014, Begining of about 30,000 MW new projects. Investment of Rs. 1,20,000 crore. In the field of transmission, thye largest ever investment of Rs.10,000 crore through PPP in the country.
33. Road construction – construction/reconstruction of more than 50,000 km long roads with an expenditure of about Rs.9000 crore.
34. About 13,000 km long CC roads and KC drains constructed in 5,480 gram sabhas/villages at a cost of Rs. 3,569 crore.
35. Construction of 319 bridges at a cost of Rs.1,369 crore as well as 16 over-bridges, entailinf an expenditure of Rs.363crore.
36. Irrigation – Strengthening of irrigation works/activities at a cost of Rs.22,097 crore.
37. Additional irrigation capacity of about 1.5 lakh hectares generated with the construction of 2,975 tube wells.
38. Tail-feeding of more than 9,000 canals ensured.
39. Irrigation arrangement of 32 lakh hectares of land.
40. Agriculture and Allied services – about Rs. 19,50 crore spent in the last four years.
41. Drive to bouble the income of the farmers.
42. Weather-based crop insurance scheme started.
43. Rain water storage project in Bundelkhand.
44. Unprecedented increase in sugarcane price (SAP).
45. Uttar Pradesh tops the country in milk production.
46. Dr.Ambedkar Agricultural Improvement Scheme of feeder separation for uninterrupted power supply to farmers.
47. Establishment of new agricultural university in Banda.
48. Education and Sports Development – about 65,000 crore (Rs.64,997 Crore) were spent on account of education in the last four years.
49. As many as 12,160 new senior primary schools and 4,654 new primary schools established
50. 13 private universities established.
51. Manyawar Shri Kanshiram Ji Research Chair established in 6 universities.
52. As many as 41 new government polytechnics set up.
53. In Gautambuddha Nagar, a second technical university established under the name of Mahamaya Technical University.
54. Commencement of ‘Manyawar Shri Kanshiram Ji Kala Samman Puraskar’ and Sant Ravidas Kala Samman Puraskar’.
55. Medical and Health services – About 22,000 crore (Rs 22,190 crore) spent in the last four years.
56. Decision to operate medical colleges in Kannauj, Jalaun and Saharanpur districts as wellas a para-medical college in Jhansi.
57. Decision to open state of the art super specialty 500-bed hospital with participation of private sector, costing around 140-150 crore each in Lucknow, Agra, Jalaun, Bijnur, Azamgarh, Ambedkar Nagar. And Saharanpur.
58. For the first time in the country a separate unani directorate established by Uttar Pradesh.
59. Urban Development – About Rs.13,156 crore spent on account of housing and urban development as wellas Rs. 4,090 crore spent on hygene and cleanliness schemes.
60. Projects worth about Rs.8,000 crore completed in Kanpur, Lucknow, Agra, Varanasi, Meerut, Allahabad and Mathura on development of urban infrastructural facilities and providing housing to the poor besides, fulfilling their basic needs.
61. Provision of about Rs.1,000 crore for drinking water projects in 7 metropolitan towns. Completion of projects of Rs.400 crore in other 37 towns and plying of 1,310 modern buses started.
62. Implementation of solid waste management schemes in 26 cities.
In additionto the above, the government has, through other departments , taken several important and notable decisions, a detailed account of which is given in a government published listing its achievements of four years.
In order to see for herself the ground reality of the activities stated in the booklet, the Hon’ble Chief Minister, Ms Mayawati Ji, from 1st February, 2011 to 2nd March 2011 i.e., for full one month, made surprise inspections to take stock of law and order situation and creime control in all the 72 districts, together with development and public welfare activities, with strict action taken against authorities, if anything wanting was detected. Necessary directions and guidance for improvement were also given.
In a nutshell, the four years of the Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Hon’ble Ms Mayawati Ji led government has been “ highly promising and the best” in the area of “development and public welfare”.